|Nomos AG > Auction 25||Auction date: 20 November 2022|
|Lot number: 421|
Price realized: 360 CHF (Approx. 377 USD / 365 EUR) Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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ITALY. Papal States. Martin V (Oddone Colonna), 1417-1431. Seal or Bulla (Lead, 38.5 mm, 50.96 g, 12 h), Rome. S PA S PE Nimbate facing heads of St. Paul, bald and with a long, linear beard, on the left and St. Peter, with curly hair and beard composed of pellets, on the right; between them, Latin cross on a long staff and base; all within a circular, dotted border. Rev. •MAR/TINVS•/ •PP• V• in three lines, the whole within a circular, dotted border. Serafini 92-94. Well centered. Very fine.
From the Dr. Pelc Dens Sapientiae Collection, USA ex Classical Numismatic Group e218, 9 September 2009, 498.
Martin V was born into one of the great Roman noble families, the Colonna, in 1369. Perhaps his greatest importance was his role in ending the Western Schism through his election as Pope at the Council of Constance in 1417. It was at this council that the Roman pope, Gregory XII, and the Pisan antipope, John XXIII (the notorious Baldassare Cossa), were forced to resign and the antipope in Avignon, Benedict XIII, was excommunicated. Martin V's reign was overshadowed by the Hussite Wars in Bohemia, which began in 1419 and lasted until 1434. They resulted in a settlement allowing religious freedom, in this case a pre-Lutherian type of Protestantism, which only ended with the suppression of 1620.
Estimate: 450 CHF