Noble Numismatics Pty Ltd > Auction 130Auction date: 26 July 2022
Lot number: 526

Price realized: Unsold
Lot description:

Be Rational Vote National, political badge in gilt and enamel (24mm), by Stokes & Sons, Melbourne, two lugs on back for wear. Very fine and scarce.

The above slogan was used in 1919 for the upcoming federal election. It was also used in an appeal to women voters in the 1925 election. Then again, in 1932 the Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland ran a slogan competition and one of the entrants submitted the slogan 'Be Rational Vote National'.

Estimate: 60 AUD

Match 1:
Noble Numismatics Pty Ltd > Auction 131Auction date: 22 November 2022
Lot number: 428

Price realized: 30 AUD   (Approx. 20 USD / 19 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:

Be Rational Vote National, political badge in gilt and enamel (24mm), by Stokes & Sons, Melbourne, two lugs on back for wear. Very fine and scarce.

The above slogan was used in 1919 for the upcoming federal election. It was also used in an appeal to women voters in the 1925 election. Then again, in 1932 the Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland ran a slogan competition and one of the entrants submitted the slogan 'Be Rational Vote National'.

Estimate: 60 AUD

Match 2:
Noble Numismatics Pty Ltd > Auction 130Auction date: 26 July 2022
Lot number: 526

Price realized: Unsold
Lot description:

Be Rational Vote National, political badge in gilt and enamel (24mm), by Stokes & Sons, Melbourne, two lugs on back for wear. Very fine and scarce.

The above slogan was used in 1919 for the upcoming federal election. It was also used in an appeal to women voters in the 1925 election. Then again, in 1932 the Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland ran a slogan competition and one of the entrants submitted the slogan 'Be Rational Vote National'.

Estimate: 60 AUD

Match 3:
Noble Numismatics Pty Ltd > Auction 130Auction date: 26 July 2022
Lot number: 564

Price realized: 190 AUD   (Approx. 132 USD / 130 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:

Red Cross Day, Committee badge, 1941, in gilt and enamel (25mm), by Amor, Sydney, features a Red Cross medal suspended below a pin-back suspender marked, 'Committee', and this pinned to a white silk ribbon with red print, 'Red Cross/Day/20th June/1941'. The ribbon aged and with a few pin-holes, the badge very fine and scarce.

The following is part of a report in The Sydney Morning Herald in NSW on Friday 20 June 1941, page 8 - 'There is no cause which invites support more compellingly than the Red Cross Society, and to-day is Red Cross Day, when everyone who is abroad in the city will find innumerable voluntary collectors eager to receive contributions towards a noble organisation which works unceasingly to mitigate the suffering and anxieties of war. From its International headquarters in Geneva the Society maintains contact with all the warring Governments and is able through the right of entry into their territories to bring relief to sick and wounded wherever they may lie. The Australian Red Cross has established convalescent homes in all the States and has sent overseas large quantities of medical supplies and gifts of clothing to British and Allied societies. In addition it maintains in each State and abroad bureaux for making inquiries about soldiers reported to be wounded.'

Estimate: 60 AUD

Match 4:
Numisma SA > Auction 134Auction date: 9 November 2022
Lot number: 60

Price realized: 4,800 EUR   (Approx. 4,812 USD)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:

Portugal - D. João V (1706-1750) - Gold - Dobra 1729 R; G.139.04, JS J5.33, AI.O195 ; aUNC

The king who will forever be associated with the construction of the Convent of Mafra and the Queluz Palace has a prominent place in the history of numismatics in Portugal and Brazil. If the gold coins minted during his reign are today among the most beautiful in the world, much was due to the way he took advantage of the gold from Brazil and transformed it into spectacular series of coins. The Dobra 1729 R, minted in Rio de Janeiro, is an excellent example of the splendour of the Johannine coins from Brazilian lands.
After India, Brazil was the second Portuguese territory where coins were minted in its own workshops. They were located in cities such as São Salvador da Baía, Rio de Janeiro and Pernambuco. Gold, silver and copper coins were struck and, as in Portugal, those of King D. João V are among the most significant. According to the Brazilian Casa da Moeda/Clube da Medalha do Brasil, "during the long reign of King D. João V (1706-1750), the growth of gold mining in Brazil was such that the colony also started to mint gold coins for the Kingdom. The coins were manufactured involving two systems: the national or strong one, for circulation in Portugal, and the provincial or weak one, for circulation in the Colony".
According to the same source, "the Mint of Rio de Janeiro minted gold coins for the Portuguese national system with the legend JOANNES V D.G PORT. ET ALG. REX (King João V by grace of God King of Portugal and the Algarves). Some of the most beautiful gold pieces, such as the Escudo series, originated from this Mint". The minting of Dobrões at the Minas Gerais Mint (in the city of Vila Rica, now Ouro Preto) between 1724 and 1727 also deserves to be mentioned.
According to an article published in the Revista de Arqueologia Pública in Brazil, between 1724 and 1735, the foundry and mint of Vila Rica struck more coins than the Mints of Lisbon and Rio de Janeiro combined. The establishment of a mint in Minas Gerais was proclaimed in 1720, the year in which powdered gold was banned from circulating within the captaincy. In addition to coins equal to those minted in the Kingdom, in Rio and in Bahia, the new mint was to manufacture pieces with nominal values of 20,000 and 10,000 réis, which would circulate with actual values of 24,000 and 12,000 réis.
The origin of coins minted in Brazil, among which include those of King D. João V, is identified by the letter associated with them. Thus, B stands for Baía, R for Rio de Janeiro and M is related to the Mint of Minas Gerais. The first Mint opened by the Portuguese Crown on Brazilian land was in Baía, in 1694. That of Rio de Janeiro was inaugurated in 1699.

Starting price: 4500 EUR

Match 5:
Classical Numismatic Group > Islamic Auction 2Auction date: 27 October 2022
Lot number: 82

Price realized: 575,000 USD   (Approx. 572,240 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:

Umayyad Caliphate, Gold coinage. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 4.29 g, 5h). Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin mint. Dated AH 93 (AD 711/2). Obverse margin: Muhammad rasul Allah arsulahu bi'l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu 'ala al-din kullihi
Obverse field: la ilaha illa / Allah wahdahu / la sharik lahu / Ma'din amir / al-mu'minin / Reverse margin: bismillah duriba hadha al-dinar sanat thalath wa tisa'in; pellet below b of duriba
Reverse field: Allah ahad Allah / al-samad lam yalid / wa lam yulad. Bernardi 47 (this date not recorded); cf. Morton & Eden 54 (23 April 2012), lot 34 (dated AH 89, same obverse die). Lustrous. Superb EF. Of the highest rarity, believed to be one of only two specimens known.

Of the greatest rarity, desirability, and historical significance, Umayyad dinars from the 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' occupy a unique place in Islamic numismatics.

Two types of these coins are known. The first issue, to which this coin belongs, was struck under the caliph al-Walid I (AH 86-96) and examples are now known for almost all years between AH 89-93. These dinars carry the legend Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin, 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful,' positioned in the fourth and fifth lines of the obverse field. The second type, issued by the caliph Hisham (AH 105-126), is attested for the year AH 105 only. These coins carry a longer inscription, Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin bi'l-Hijaz; unlike the first type, this appears in the fourth and fifth lines of the reverse. The addition of bi'l-Hijaz gives these dinars the distinction of being the earliest coins, and quite possibly the earliest dated objects, which name a location in the present-day Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. However, while these special dinars were first recorded by numismatists more than a century ago, many aspects of their issue and significance have yet to be fully understood. The present coin, an excessively rare and beautifully-preserved example from a previously unpublished date, helps shed further light on the history and significance of this fascinating coinage.

Amir al-Mu'minin, 'Commander of the Faithful,' was the formal title used by the caliph. It was first adopted as such by 'Umar b. al-Khattab (AH 13-23) some fifty years before the term khalifa, 'successor', began to be used by 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan (AH 65-86). Because Umayyad post-Reform gold and silver coins were anonymous, these 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' dinars are the earliest Islamic gold coins which preserve the caliph's ancient title. The title Amir al-Mu'minin does not otherwise appear on Islamic gold dinars until the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid (AH 170-193).

Ma'din means 'a mine.' As in English, the word can be used literally and metaphorically, but when seen on early Islamic coins it is used in its literal sense of a place from which natural resources are excavated. By way of example, there can be little doubt that Ma'din al-Shash and Ma'din Bajunays, which appear as mint-names on 'Abbasid dirhams struck in the late second century, mean 'the mine at Tashkent' and 'the mine at Bajunays' respectively, As well as denoting denote the place where these dirhams were struck, the addition of Ma'din also indicates the source of the silver used in their production.

Thus the literal meaning of Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin, 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful,' denotes a physical location: a mine belonging to the caliph. The first scholar to study these coins in detail, Paul Casanova, took this interpretation for granted, concluding that the gold used to strike them came from a mine which belonged to the caliph himself ('J'en ai conclu que l'or dont cette monnaie avait été frappée appartenait personnellement au Chef des Croyants'). Casanova identified this as the Ma'din Banu Sulaym, located between Medina and Mecca. This mine was recorded as having been purchased by the caliph 'Umar (AD 99-101) from the heirs of Bilal b. al-Harith, who had in turn been granted the mine by the Prophet himself. Casanova did not present any direct evidence that the Ma'din Banu Sulaym was ever known as the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin, but argued that it would be natural for the mine to acquire this name after being bought by 'Umar in AH 100 and, presumably, inherited by two further caliphs thereafter. But since Casanova's study was confined to the later dinars dated AH 105, which carry the additional phrase bi'l-Hijaz, his argument was convincing enough: the coins mentioned a mine in the Hijaz belonging to the caliph, and Casanova had successfully identified one.

More than fifty years after Casanova's study appeared, George Miles published a much shorter article describing a second Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin dinar, this time dated AH 91 and without the additional bi'l-Hijaz. Except for the date, this coin is identical to the piece offered here. Drawing heavily on Casanova's work, Miles asserted that the phrase Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin on this coin must also refer to the Ma'din Banu Sulaym, even though it lacks the phrase bi'l-Hijaz and was struck eight years before 'Umar became caliph acquired the mine in question. This is clearly problematic, and more recent scholarly thinking is clearly expressed in the words of Lutz Ilisch who, discussing a similar coin dated AH 92 in the Turath Collection, concluded that 'Whatever was meant by the term ma' seems clear that no relation to the Ma'din Bani Sulaym was meant by the inscription.'

However, Miles was on much surer ground when pointing out that the reverse die of his coin, dated AH 91, had also been used to strike ordinary dinars at the Damascus mint. He was also able to find an obverse die-link between the ANS's Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin bi'l-Hijaz coin and a standard Damascus dinar dated AH 105. From this, Miles concluded that all Ma'din dinars were in fact struck at Damascus, and that the Ma'din legend denoted the source of the gold rather than the place of striking. While the currently accepted explanation is somewhat more complex, Miles was right about two important points: that the Ma'din dinars were either struck at Damascus or a satellite mint dependent on it, and that the Ma'din inscription does not signify a mint-in the conventional sense, as Casanova had assumed. Mint-names on Umayyad Post-reform gold and silver coins are, without exception, placed in the marginal legend before the date. But on the present coin we find that Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin is positioned in the field rather than in the margin, and is even on the other side of the coin from the date legend. Taken together, the placement of the Ma'din legend and the die-link with Damascus dinars allow us to reject suggestions such as those of Samir Shamma, who argued that Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin denoted an Umayyad gold mint situated at Medina in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Miles did not address the question of why these special dinars should only have been struck in certain years and in such small quantities. Lutz Ilisch, however, has noted that the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin dinars dated between AH 89 and 93 coincided with al-Walid embarking on a series of major building works in the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina. These included the reconstruction of the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina (AH 88-90). Al-Walid is recorded as having undertaken the Pilgrimage in AH 91, when he took the opportunity to inspect the building work. Al-Tabari records that the Caliph distributed gifts in Medina, which are described as including slaves, gold and silver vessels, and also money. It is clear from al-Tabari's account that al-Walid took a strong personal involvement in events in Mecca and Medina during these years; we hear of messengers travelling between the Holy Places and Damascus, governors and other officials being appointed and dismissed, and several reports of measures being taken to weed out elements in the region who were opposed to al-Walid's caliphate. Similarly, we find that the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin bi'l-Hijaz dinars dated AH 105 were struck when the new caliph Hisham visited the Holy Places immediately after his accession. In other words, it seems that these special Ma'din dinars were issued during periods when the caliph was particularly concerned with, and personally present in, the Holy Places. They were not issued at other times, even though we can only assume that the mine which 'Umar purchased in AH 100 must have yielded gold in other years than AH 105 alone.

Because the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin inscriptions denotes the source of the gold rather than the place of striking, the question of where these coins were physically manufactured remains uncertain. Miles, as we have seen, argued that the coins were struck at Damascus, and Album has pointed out that the high quality of their manufacture might also indicate that they were products of the main Umayyad gold mint. Lutz Ilisch, however, has proposed that they were in fact struck at an itinerant mint, dependent on and supplied by the main facility at Damascus, which could accompany the caliph on his travels when needed, and has stated that 'an origin from Medina in the Hijaz is generally accepted.' Some support for this view comes from the circumstances surrounding the strking of the Hijaz dinars dated AH 105. While we know that the dies used for these coins were prepared at Damascus, we know Hisham himself went straight to Arabia after his accession and did not enter Damascus as caliph until the following year. Thus these dinars at least were almost certainly struck at a travelling mint rather than the Umayyad capital.

The connection between the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin dinars and caliphal involvement with the Holy Places gives a possible answer to another question: if this inscription denotes the source of the gold, why was it felt necessary to mark this explicitly on the coins? Gold must have reached the Damascus mint from many sources, including mines, taxation, trade, tribute, and treasure captured in great military victories. Why did two small issues of dinars struck from gold excavated from a mine merit public recognition, while great military victories did not? The answer, we must assume, is that it was felt necessary to emphasise that these coins were struck from gold which belonged to the Caliph personally, and this was probably for symbolic rather than practical reasons. There may have been economic considerations behind identifying coins struck from the Caliph's personal resources, although we can only assume that other mine owners simply sold their gold or brought it to the mint to be coined, and it is not clear why the caliphs, who often had great personal wealth, should have been any different in this respect. But the symbolic value of special gold coins which were marked out as coming from the Caliph's personal wealth would have been considerable. We know from al-Tabari that al-Walid gave out gifts during his stay in Medina, and these will have come from his personal possessions rather than state funds. What could have been more appropriate than to present special gold dinars with the 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' inscription, imbued with greater significance by being marked as a personal gift?

If we accept that the Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin dinars were struck for presentation and distribution by the Caliph himself, this would also explain why they were clearly only struck in very small numbers. The present coin exemplifies this point because its obverse die, which carries the special 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' legend, was evidently in use for at least five years. We have surviving coins paired with reverse dies dated AH 89, 91 and 92, and this newly-discovered dinar now allows us to extend this sequence further to AH 93. Being undated, there would have been no reason to stop using these special obverse dies until they were no longer serviceable. But it is exceptional for a die to survive for at least five years without breaking, and this strongly suggests that they were only used to strike very small quantities of dinars. Nor is this an isolated case: the other two known 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' obverse dies must also have remained in use for at least two years, since we have dinars dated AH 91 and 92 struck from each.

Intriguingly, therefore, the very ambiguity of the term Ma'din Amir al-Mu'minin, which has caused so much confusion to modern numismatists, might be deliberate and reflect an intentional double significance. On one level, 'Mine of the Commander of the Faithful' would have been an inscription which simply denoted the source of the gold from which the coins were made, and which was entirely consistent with the kind of practical information one might expect a coin to carry. But anyone who was given one of these coins by the caliph himself must surely have appreciated another level of meaning: that the coin was a personal gift from the caliph's own personal 'mine' - not only a physical location, but a metaphor for his personal resources. If so, these remarkable dinars are the earliest gold presentation coinage from the Islamic world.

Specialist Bibliography

Album, S. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean. Volume 10. Arabia and East Africa, Oxford (1999).

Album, S. Checklist of Islamic Coins. Third Edition. Santa Rosa (2011).

Casanova, P. 'Une mine d'or au Hidjaz', Ministère de l'Instruction Publique at des Beaux-Arts (Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques), Bulletin de la Section de la Géographie, Tome XXXV (1920), pp. 69-125.

Ilisch, L., The Turath Collection. Leu Numismatics Ltd Auction 64, Zurich, 27 March 1996.

Miles, G.C. 'A unique Umayyad dinar of 91 H./A.D. 709-710,' Revue Numismatique, 6e Série, Tome 14 (1972), pp. 264-268.

Estimate: 750000 USD

Match 6:
Stack's Bowers Galleries (& Ponterio) > October 2022 Hong Kong AuctionAuction date: 3 October 2022
Lot number: 51257

Price realized: Unsold
Lot description:

CHINA. Republic. Silver Hand Engraved Serving Tray Inlaid with Chinese Dollars, ND (ca. 1927-32).
Dimensions: 33cm; Weight: 1,268 gms. This astonishing inlaid tray contains numerous numismatic RARITIES and speaks volumes to the proficient work done by the well-known silversmith, Mr. Zee Sung. Sung was active in Shanghai during the early years of the Republic up to the 1950's. The attention to detail and artistry of the engraving is typical of his work, but on a much larger magnitude than normally encountered for items of this nature. Usually when silver wares, in similar fashion to the present piece, are encountered they were done so in much smaller scale, with less artistry and far less attention to detail was paid. It is clear Mr. Sung spent much time in the preparation of this magnificent item given the amount of fine details offering many different textures and prominently features stylistic initials "EvK". The segmented rim, imitating bamboo stalk, is another feature reminiscent of the period, but in our experience is not typical of Sung's work.

Each of the numismatic treasures contained in this piece are securely held in place appearing to be braised in several areas. Like many vintage silver artifacts that were manufactured for use and display the surfaces do show evidence of being cleaned numerous times over the decades with rich slate patina in the protected areas and crevasses. The reverse exhibits richer mottled patina with a slight iridescent sheen that is commonly seen on old silver. Close inspection of the reverse reveals Mr. Sung's well-known hallmark "ZEESUNG" and is flanked by what appears to be the character "Jian" (儉) in a square frame; also the rim shows methodical smoothing appearing to have been done during the manufacturing process which makes sense given the complex and time-consuming nature of the sophisticated precious metal work.

When this wonderful piece was commissioned, the coins used would have either been supplied or gathered from circulation and added to the cost of manufacture. By today's standards there are several significant, important and highly desirable numismatic relics that are sought after by many collectors. When examining and comparing the pieces used, we notice that not even one can be dated after 1927, which in and of itself is of interest, and that there are no Sun Yat-sen "Junk" Dollars present. This last part is of special interest given how prevalent "Junk" Dollars are in today's marketplace and gives us a narrower time frame for when this piece was probably made. Most sources state that Mr. Sung was active circa 1910's to the 1950's, but we were unable to locate anything definitive. What we did find were several business listings for Mr. Sung, his company names and addresses in contemporary documentation. The earliest of these listings was "Zee Sung & Co." and was listed in the "China & Far East Finance & Commerce Year Book" Shanghai, 1921 where he is listed as one of the principal advertisers in "F. & C." publications.

Another entry we were able locate was listed in "The Comacrib Directory of China 1925" published by the Commercial & Credit Information Bureau 29 Szechuen Road, Shanghai, China which was subsequently located on the same street as Mr. Sung's shop. This particular listing was specific and listed out the services that were offered by Sung and is as follows "Zee Sung & Co., Ltd. - Jewellers, Gold and Silver Smiths, Watch Repairers, Engravers, Dealers in Diamonds, Pearls, etc - 105 Szechuan Road" with what appears to be a listing of people who worked under Mr. Sung. The last listing in which we were able to locate was from the "Shanghai Classified Telephone Directory",1947 issue where Mr. Sung is under the Jewellers - Retail section as "Zee Sung Jewellery & Co. 464 Szechuan C (Szecn)". Clearly Mr. Sung was active with his business for a prolonged period and produced countless fine wares. By and large we don't really have a way to determine when a piece of his was made, but with the present piece coming to light a more specific period of manufacture can be ascertained based on the points above and is why we prescribed the date circa 1927-1932.

Each piece contained in this beautifully done piece is as follows clockwise:

1) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1916). Tientsin Mint. Hung-hsien (Hongxian [Yuan Shih-kai]). L&M-942; K-663; KM-Y-332. Variety with reeded edge and no signature, dragon reverse.

2) CHINA. Silver Dollar Pattern, Year 12 (1923). Tientsin Mint. L&M-81; K-680; KM-Y-336. Small characters variety.

3) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1912). Wuchang Mint. L&M-45; K-639; KM-Y-321. Li Yuan Hung without hat.

4) CHINA. Kwangtung. 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), ND (1890-1908). Kwangtung Mint. Kuang-hsu (Guangxu). L&M-133; K-26a; KM-Y-203. Variety with small rosettes (struck from Heaton Mint dies).

5) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1923). Tientsin Mint. L&M-959; K-678. Tsao Kun in military attire/Proclamation of the Constitution commemorative.

6) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1927). L&M-49; K-608; KM-Y-318a.1. High six-pointed stars variety

7) CHINA. Dollar, Year 3 (1911). Tientsin Mint. Hsuan-t'ung (Xuantong [Puyi]). L&M-37; K-227; KM-Y-31. Variety with no dot after "DOLLAR".

8) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1924). Tientsin Mint. L&M-865; K-683. Tuan Chi-jui type commemorating the "Peaceful Unification" of China.

9) CHINA. Kirin. 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), CD (1905). Kirin Mint. Kuang-hsu (Guangxu). L&M-557; K-513; KM-Y-183a.3. Variety with 1904-style dragon, hooked "sheng" and "kuang," and dot within the Manchu script.

10) CHINA. Dollar, ND (1923). Tientsin Mint. L&M-958; K-677. Tsao Kun in civilian attire/Proclamation of the Constitution commemorative.

11) CHINA. Chihli (Pei Yang). 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), Year 34 (1908). Tientsin (Central) Mint. Kuang-hsu (Guangxu). L&M-465; K-208; KM-Y-73.2. Frozen date issue with plain 4 and long tail spine.

12) CHINA. Dollar, Year 10 (1921). Tientsin Mint. L&M-864; K-676. Variety with reeded edge and legend at bottom of reverse.

13) CHINA. Hupeh. 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), ND (1909-11). Wuchang Mint. Hsuan-t'ung (Xuantong [Puyi]). L&M-187; K-45; KM-Y-131

14) CHINA. Chang Hsun Silver Medal, Year 1 (1912) L&M-941; KMX-528. Reeded Edge.

15) CHINA. Kiangnan. 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), CD (1902)-HAH. L&M-248; K-93; KM-Y-145a.9

16) CHINA. Sinkiang. Sar (Tael), Year 6 (1917). Tihwa Mint. L&M-837; K-1265; KM-Y-45

17) CHINA. Dollar, Year 9 (1920). L&M-77; K-666; KM-Y-329.6

18) GREAT BRITAIN. Trade Dollar, 1911-B. Bombay Mint. KM-T5; Mars-BTD1

19) CHINA. Chihli (Pei Yang). 7 Mace 2 Candareens (Dollar), Year 29 (1903). Tientsin (East Arsenal) Mint. Kuang-hsu (Guangxu). L&M-462; K-205; KM-Y-73.1. Variety with period after "YANG".

Estimate: $100000 - $200000