Classical Numismatic Group > Keystone Auction 7Auction date: 6 July 2022
Lot number: 29

Price realized: Unsold
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Lot description:

Various battles. A set four (4) WM Medallets (19mm, 12h). By an uncertain artist. Distributed by Samuel Pemberton(?). Struck circa 1805. All pieces: Uniformed bust left / Brief description of the battle. Includes: Battle of St. Vincent, 14 February 1797/ Hardy 3; BHM 437; Eimer – // Battle of the Nile, 1 August 1798. Hardy 12; BHM 454; Eimer –// Battle of Copenhagen, 2 April 1901. Hardy 24; BHM 511; Eimer – // Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805. Hardy 49; BHM 591; Eimer 967. Average Near EF. An attractive complete set.

From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection.

The Battle of Copenhagen took place in 1801 between British forces led by Hyde Parker and Horatio Nelson and Danish forces seeking to defend their capitol of Copenhagen. The conflict was due to a breakdown in negotiations between the two powers, with the British deciding that the second League of Armed Neutrality formed under Russia's leadership was tantamount to alliance with the French. The League aimed to protect neutral shipping from stop, search, and seizure by Britain's navy and its members included most of the northern European powers, including Denmark, Russia, Prussia, and Sweden. Britain, fearing that the League would negate the effects of their blockade of the continent and possibly cut off naval supplies, decided to disband the league by force. When the Danish crown would not bend, Nelson led his fleet into the harbor and engaged the Danish forces there, but lost three ships that ran aground and sent up distress signals. Parker, seeing the ships that had run aground but not able to see the progress of the battle gave the order to retreat. Nelson, seeing the signal, famously placed his telescope to his blind eye and claimed he could not see the signal to retreat and continued the action. Eventually superior British gunnery won the day as Danish ships went silent or surrendered and almost the entirety of the Danish fleet was destroyed or captured. An armistice was later agreed upon and after, the death of Paul I of Russia, the Danes agreed to withdraw from the League of Armed Neutrality, signaling an all-around British success.

Estimate: 150 USD