|Heritage World Coin Auctions > ANA Signature Sale 3056||Auction date: 3 August 2017|
|Lot number: 30024|
Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161). AV aureus (19mm, 6.95 gm, 6h). NGC MS★ 5/5 - 4/5. Rome, AD 143-144. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Antoninus right / IM-PERA-T-OR II, Victory standing right, holding trophy in both hands. RIC III 109b. BMCRE 492. Cohen 428. Calicó 1547 (S5). Cleanly struck from dies of refined style, with brilliant luster.
Though usually held as a tranquil interlude in Roman history, the reign of Antoninus Pius was not free of warfare and conquest. In about D 141, perhaps to bolster his military bona fides, Antoninus ordered that the Roman frontier in Britain, then marked by Hadrian's Wall, be moved northward. The governor, Q. Lollius Urbicus, subjugated several semi-independent tribes, including the Votadini and Selgovae. Starting in 142, a new wall was built about 90 miles north of Hadrian's Wall. It spanned the distance between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde, about 40 miles. Like Hadrian's Wall, the new wall was to be built of stone; however this plan was soon abandoned and the barrier was instead built up of cut chunks of turf, topped by a wooden palisade. Forts were built into the wall every two miles, with small fortlets called "milecastles" spaced between them. The subjugation of the Northern British tribes led the Senate to acclaim Antoninus as Imperator (victorious general) II in AD 143, an event marked by the issuance of this coin depicting winged Victory holding a trophy symbolic of military success.
Estimate: 12000-15000 USD