Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG > Online Auction 198 | SilverAuction date: 25 February 2024
Lot number: 263

Price realized: 50 EUR   (Approx. 54 USD)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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Lot description:

Gallienus AD 253-268. Antioch
Billon Antoninianus

20 mm, 3,40 g

[G]ALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / CONSERVATOR AVG, Aesculapius standing facing, head to left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff.

Very Fine

RIC V.1 632 (sole reign); MIR 1649g; RSC 140.

Gallienus, whose full name was Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, was a Roman emperor who ruled from AD 253 to 268. He was the son of Emperor Valerian and the co-emperor alongside his father during the early years of his reign. Gallienus faced a tumultuous and challenging period in Roman history known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During his reign, the Roman Empire was threatened by external invasions from various barbarian tribes, internal revolts, economic troubles, and the breakaway of various regions seeking independence. As co-emperor with his father, Gallienus was tasked with the defense of the western provinces of the Roman Empire while his father Valerian focused on the eastern front against the Sassanian Empire (ancient Persia). However, in AD 260, Emperor Valerian was defeated and captured by the Sassanian king, Shapur I, resulting in a significant blow to the Roman Empire. Gallienus then ruled as the sole emperor, facing multiple challenges from both external and internal enemies. He pursued a policy of co-opting some of the invading tribes into the Roman military and granting some regions greater autonomy to stabilize the empire. Despite his efforts, Gallienus faced opposition from within the Roman military. In 268 AD, he was assassinated in a conspiracy led by his own officers, and Claudius II Gothicus was proclaimed as the new Roman emperor.

Starting price: 50 EUR