Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG > Online Auction 193 | SilverAuction date: 28 January 2024
Lot number: 173

Price realized: 3,400 EUR   (Approx. 3,683 USD)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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Lot description:

Nero AD 54-68. Rome
Aureus AV

19 mm, 7,28 g

NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right / PONTIF MAX TR P X COS IIII P P, Virtus standing left, helmeted and in military dress, with right foot on pile of arms, holding parazonium on knee and vertical spear; EX-SC across fields.

Good Very Fine

RIC 40; Calicó 437.

Ex Aureo & Calicó S.L. Auction 341, Lot 1024.

Nero was the son of Agrippina the Younger, sister of Emperor Caligula, who strategically ensured Nero's prominence in the line of succession by marrying Emperor Claudius. Adopted by Claudius, Nero, originally named Lucius, ascended to the throne at the age of 16 following Claudius' assassination. Nero received a solid education, including instruction from the philosopher Seneca. Known for his love of art and theater, Nero married Octavia, Claudius' daughter and his stepsister, at the age of 16. Despite initially positive and peaceful years, Nero's extravagant lifestyle and squandering of resources led to discontent. He faced mockery for participating in singing competitions and the Olympic Games, often securing victories through bribery. Nero divorced Octavia, banished, and eventually murdered her, with his mother pulling the strings behind the scenes. Nero resisted his mother's influence and had her murdered in AD 59. He was implicated in the poisoning of Britannicus in 55 AD, and his rule witnessed numerous conspiracies and executions. During his reign, Nero's forces defeated the Parthians in Armenia and quelled a rebellion in Britain. The Great Fire of Rome in AD 64 prompted rumors that Nero orchestrated it to rebuild the city and create space for the Golden Palace (Domus Aurea). To deflect blame, Nero scapegoated Christians, initiating brutal persecution and executions. The fire was likely accidental, given Rome's frequent occurrences of smaller blazes. Facing declining popularity, Nero lost support from the Senate, former Praetorian Guard allies, and provincial governors. Nero attempted to flee but was abandoned by his guards. He took his own life with a dagger. Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, was proclaimed the new emperor, marking the start of the Year of the Four Emperors in AD 69.

Starting price: 1500 EUR