Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG > Online Auction 171 | SilverAuction date: 20 August 2023
Lot number: 335

Price realized: 65 EUR   (Approx. 71 USD)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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Lot description:

Philip I Arab AD 244-249. Saecular Games/1000th Anniversary of Rome issue. Rome
Antoninianus AR

23 mm, 4,54 g

IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / SAECVLVM NOVVM, Hexastyle temple, containing statue of Roma seated facing.

Good Very Fine

RIC 25b; RSC 198.

Philip I, also known as Philip the Arab or Marcus Julius Philippus, was a Roman emperor who ruled from 244 to 249 AD. He was born in present-day Syria, which was then part of the Roman Empire.

Philip came from a prominent Arab family and rose to prominence in the Roman military. In 244 AD, he became emperor after he was proclaimed by the Roman army following the assassination of the previous emperor, Gordian III. Philip's rise to power marked a significant moment in Roman history as he was the first Roman emperor of Arab descent.

During his reign, Philip faced numerous challenges, including external invasions and internal rebellions. One of the major threats came from the Sassanian Empire, a powerful Persian state, which invaded Roman territories in the east. Philip managed to negotiate a peace settlement with the Sassanians, but the conflict strained the Roman economy.

Philip also had to deal with internal dissent, particularly from the Senate, which was suspicious of his background and authority. He attempted to strengthen his position by bestowing titles and honors upon his family members, but this move further alienated the Senate.

In 249 AD, a rebellion broke out in Rome led by Gaius Messius Quintus Decius, a Roman general who challenged Philip's rule. Philip's own troops turned against him, and he was defeated and killed in battle. Decius proclaimed himself emperor and succeeded Philip as the Roman emperor.

Philip's reign as emperor was relatively short and marked by a mixture of successes and challenges. He is remembered as the first Roman emperor of Arab origin and as one of the transitional figures in the turbulent period of Roman history known as the Crisis of the Third Century.

Starting price: 50 EUR