|Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG > Online Auction 171 | Silver||Auction date: 20 August 2023|
|Lot number: 138|
Price realized: 130 EUR (Approx. 142 USD) Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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Kings of Commagene. Samosata. Antiochos IV Epiphanes of Commagene AD 38-72.
26 mm, 15,69 g
BAΣIΛΕΥΣ MΕΓΑΣ ANTIOXOΣ, diademed and draped bust of Antiochos IV to right; s/m: anchor / KOMMAΓHNΩN, scorpion within circle and wreath.
RPC I 3854.
Gaius Julius Antiochus IV Epiphanes, also known as Antiochus IV Epiphanes or Antiochus IV of Commagene, was the last king of Commagene, ruling from AD 38 to 72. He was a vassal king under the Roman Empire.
Antiochus, son of Antiochus III, was of Armenian-Greek-Median-Persian descent. He became a Roman citizen and adopted the name Gaius Julius. He lived in Rome alongside his sister, part of the court of Antonia Minor, who was influential and controlled a society of various princes and princesses.
In AD 38, Antiochus regained his paternal kingdom from Caligula and expanded it with parts of Cilicia. He enjoyed an intimate relationship with Caligula, but it didn't last as he was dethroned. He regained his kingdom under Claudius in AD 41.
Antiochus had a son, Gaius Julius Archelaus Antiochus Epiphanes, who was briefly engaged to Herodes Agrippa's daughter but later married Claudia Capitolina. He supported Vespasian and participated in military campaigns.
Antiochus faced a downfall in AD 72 when accused of conspiring with the Parthians against Rome. He was dethroned after 34 years of rule. His sons fled to Parthia, while he spent his later life in Sparta and Rome. His legacy includes coins reflecting his territorial control and political ambitions.
Starting price: 50 EUR