Roma Numismatics Ltd > Auction XXVAuction date: 22 September 2022
Lot number: 599

Price realized: 15,000 GBP   (Approx. 16,898 USD / 17,214 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Greco-Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas AR Tetradrachm. Circa 170-145 BC. Dynastic pedigree issue. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ above, EYKPATIΔHΣ below / Jugate, draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, to right; HΛIOKΛEOYΣ above, KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ in exergue, monogram to left. Bopearachchi 15A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 263; SNG ANS 526-7; Mitchiner 182a; HGC 12, 133. 16.97g, 33mm, 12h.

Mint State. Rare; a superb example of the type, comparable to the example of Roma XVII, lot 608 (sold for £22,000).

From the Oxus Collection.

Eukratides The Great was one of the last but most important Greco-Baktrian kings, responsible for the overthrow of the Euthydemid dynasty. While the position held by Eukratides prior to his revolt is unclear, it has been suggested he held the position of satrap in Baktria during the campaigning of Demetrios, successor of Euthydemos II, in India around 192 BC (A. Cunningham, 'Coins of Alexander's Successors in the East (Continued)' in The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic Society 9 (1869): pp. 121-53). There is limited record of the revolt, although Justin (XLI, 6) describes an event in which the usurper survived a siege lasting five months by a force of sixty thousand loyal to Demetrios, successor of Euthydemos II, with only three hundred men.

Whilst Justin reports that the conflict originated between Eukratides and Demetrios, numismatic evidence suggests Demetrios ceased to rule and succession passed down the legitimate line to Antimachos, Agathokles and Pantaleon before the revolt was over. This is supported by Mitchiner, who argues the coinage of Demetrios ceased and was replaced by that of his heirs, who controlled the main mints in Baktria and from which they issued 'pedigree coins' affirming their legitimacy (The early Indo-Greeks and their antecedants, vol. 1, (1975), p. 66).

Eukratides gained control over all of Baktria around 168 BC, reducing Antimachos, Agathokles and Pantaleon to Indo-Greek territories south of the Hindu Kush, and struck 'pedigree coins' of his own bearing the adopted and immodest title MEΓAΣ ('the Great') - the tetradrachm presented here is an outstanding example of such an issue. The reverse depicts two busts, named by the legend as Heliokles and Laodike, whose identities are uncertain. It has been suggested that the coin cites Eukratides' parents, and Laodike, who wears a diadem, may have been a member of the Seleukid imperial house (see Astin, A.E. The Cambridge Ancient History (1990), p. 401, see also Mitchiner). If the identification is correct, we might see this issue within the context of and in direct response to the Euthydemid commemoration issues struck during the period of Eukratides' revolt.

Estimate: 15000 GBP

Match 1:
Roma Numismatics Ltd > Auction XXVAuction date: 22 September 2022
Lot number: 600

Price realized: 7,000 GBP   (Approx. 7,886 USD / 8,033 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Greco-Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas AR Tetradrachm. Circa 170-145 BC. Dynastic pedigree issue. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ above, EYKPATIΔHΣ below / Jugate, draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, to right; HΛIOKΛEOYΣ above, KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ in exergue, monogram to left. Bopearachchi 15A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 263; SNG ANS 526-7; Mitchiner 182a; HGC 12, 133; Roma XVII, lot 608 (same rev. die; hammer: £22,000). 16.96g, 32mm, 12h.

Good Extremely Fine; a superb example of this desirable dynastic pedigree issue. Rare; and among the best of few examples offered at auction in the past twenty years.

From the Oxus Collection.

Estimate: 7500 GBP

Match 2:
Roma Numismatics Ltd > Auction XXVAuction date: 22 September 2022
Lot number: 601

Price realized: 4,800 GBP   (Approx. 5,407 USD / 5,508 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Greco-Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas AR Tetradrachm. Circa 170-145 BC. Dynastic pedigree issue. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ above, EYKPATIΔHΣ below / Jugate, draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, to right; HΛIOKΛEOYΣ above, KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ in exergue, monogram to left. Bopearachchi 15A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 263; SNG ANS 526-7; Mitchiner 182a; HGC 12, 133. 16.91g, 30mm, 12h.

Extremely Fine. Rare.

From a private UK collection.

Estimate: 5000 GBP

Match 3:
Roma Numismatics Ltd > Auction XXVAuction date: 22 September 2022
Lot number: 602

Price realized: 5,000 GBP   (Approx. 5,633 USD / 5,738 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Greco-Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas AR Tetradrachm. Circa 170-145 BC. Dynastic pedigree issue. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ above, EYKPATIΔHΣ below / Jugate, draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, to right; HΛIOKΛEOYΣ above, KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ in exergue, monogram to left. Bopearachchi 15A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 263; SNG ANS 526-7; Mitchiner 182a; HGC 12, 133. 16.93g, 31mm, 12h.

Extremely Fine. Rare.

From a private UK collection.

Estimate: 4000 GBP

Match 4:
Roma Numismatics Ltd > Auction XXVAuction date: 22 September 2022
Lot number: 598

Price realized: 7,000 GBP   (Approx. 7,886 USD / 8,033 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Greco-Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas AR Drachm. Circa 170-145 BC. Dynastic pedigree issue. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ above, EYKPATIΔHΣ below / Jugate, draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, to right; HΛIOKΛEOYΣ above, KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ in exergue, monogram to left. Bopearachchi 14A = BMC 2; SNG ANS -; CNG MBS 76, 947 = HGC 12, 137. 4.26g, 21mm, 12h.

Extremely Fine. Extremely Rare; the third and finest known, only the second to come to auction in the past 20 years, with the other specimen in the British Museum.

From the Oxus Collection.

Estimate: 5000 GBP

Match 5:
Roma Numismatics Ltd > E-Sale 101Auction date: 13 October 2022
Lot number: 717

Price realized: 55 GBP   (Approx. 61 USD / 63 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
Lot description:


Lot of 2 Indo-Greek AR Drachms. Includes:

1) Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter AR Drachm. Circa 155-130 BC. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with wing / Athena Alkidemos advancing to left, shield decorated with aegis over arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right, Kharosthi script around. Mitchiner, Type 218c; Bopearachchi 16I; HGC 12, 193. 2.29g, 16mm, 12h.
Good Very Fine.
Ex Roma Numismatics Ltd., E-Sale 91, 2 December 2021, lot 634.

2) Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter AR Drachm. Circa 155-130 BC. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENANΔPOY, diademed heroic bust to left, seen from behind, wearing aegis and brandishing spear / Athena Alkidemos advancing to right, shield decorated with aegis over arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to left; Kharosthi inscription around. Bopearachchi 7C; SNG ANS 715-21; HGC 12, 188. 2.29g, 18mm, 1h.
Very Fine.
Ex Roma Numismatics Ltd., E-Sale 91, 2 December 2021, lot 637.

Lot sold as seen - no returns.

Estimate: 50 GBP