Classical Numismatic Group > Auction 120Auction date: 11 May 2022
Lot number: 402

Price realized: 4,750 USD   (Approx. 4,503 EUR)   Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees.
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Lot description:

KINGS of ARMENIA MINOR. Aristoboulos, with Salome. AD 54-92. Æ (21.5mm, 7.58 g, 12h). Dated RY 13 (AD 66/7). BACIΛEΩC APICTOBOVΛ[OV ET] IΓ•, diademed and draped bust of Aristobulus left / BACIΛIC-CHC CAΛOMHC, diademed and draped bust of Salome left. Kovacs 300; Meshorer 365 corr. (date); Hendin 1257a; RPC I 3840 corr. (same). Dark green patina. VF.

Salome is described in the Gospels (Matthew 14 and Mark 6) only as the daughter of Herodias, who asked Herod Antipas for the head of John the Baptist in return for his daughter's risqué dance for the king. Salome's name is supplied by Josephus in Antiquities 18.5, where he also informs us that she grew up to marry her great-uncle Philip the Tetrarch and, after Philip's death, her cousin Aristoboulos, who is featured on the obverse of this coin and with whom Salome had three sons. Aristoboulos was the son of Herod V of Chalkis and great grandson of Herod I, and was appointed king of Armenia Minor in the first year of Nero's reign.

The present issue was struck in 66/7 CE (year 13 of Aristoboulos's reign), the first year of the Jewish war and around 40 years since the execution of John the Baptist, which has been tentatively dated to some time between 25 and 29 CE. When RPC was published, citing three known examples of this type, the date was off the flan on two pieces and the one example with partial date had been tentatively read as date Α or Η (RPC p. 570). Frank Kovacs subsequently discovered an example with a clear date 13 (Hendin p. 275, pl. 24, same obverse die as the present coin), and Kovacs's opinion was that other reported dates were most likely mis-readings of that date. The publication of additional specimens has since confirmed Kovacs's opinion, and it is now clear that all coins of this type are dated year 13.

Estimate: 2000 USD